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Created as a wartime laboratory for rapid solutions to military needs in 1942, APL today is a broad-reaching organization of expertise and innovation. The Laboratory is the largest DoD-sponsored UARC in the nation. We maintain long-term, trusted relationships with our DoD sponsors and continue in our mission of contributing to the nation’s defense and security needs.

APL’s not-for-profit status enables us to accomplish scientific research and engineering development at competitive prices while operating free from real or perceived conflicts of interest. In this capacity, APL frequently serves as a trusted agent liaison between government and industry.

APL’s National Security Space (NSS) Mission Area was created to define and implement solutions to important DoD and IC problems by conducting space research and developing and applying space science, engineering, and technology to enable new mission applications.

NSS is led by a skilled and dedicated team of professionals. Collectively, we possess a thorough understanding of modern military and intelligence challenges and endeavor to provide innovative and top-quality solutions as well as world-class service.

Patrick Binning
Mission Area Executive
National Security Space
Space Exploration Sector

Dr. Binning has more than 25 years of demonstrated success in program management, research and development, technology transfer, satellite operations, and executive management in the aerospace field. As Mission Area Executive, Dr. Binning is responsible for APL programs that focus on space solutions to critical national security challenges. Staff members working in National Security Space develop and conduct innovative experimental missions, build space instruments, and produce applications to meet intelligence community and warfighter needs.

Dr. Binning joined APL in 2014, after serving as head of the Mission Management Office at the Naval Research Laboratory. He has also managed programs and directed research for the Missile Defense Agency, National Reconnaissance Office, and other classified organizations. He served in the Space and Intelligence Capabilities Office in the Pentagon as the Division Director overseeing defense and intelligence space and ground system communication and command and control programs. In 2007, he was selected, and served, as a Fellow in the Department of Commerce Science and Technology Fellowship program.

Dr. Binning earned his Ph.D. and master’s degree in aerospace engineering from the University of Colorado Boulder and a Bachelor of Science in aerospace engineering from the University of Cincinnati.

Patrick A. Stadter
Program Area Manager, Space System Security Programs
National Security Space
Space Exploration Sector

Dr. Patrick A. Stadter is an APL Principal Professional Staff member in the National Security Space Mission Area and the APL Program Manager for the Space-based Kill Assessment program. As Program Area Manager for Space System Security Programs, Dr. Stadter oversees an array of programmatic, line management, and technical experts to bring solutions to bear for our government’s Space System Security and Space Situational Awareness Programs.

Dr. Stadter has an active interest in bringing research and technology development efforts to bear in service to our nation and has also served as the Chief of Research, Development, and Engineering for the National Security Space Mission Area. Dr. Stadter led the APL Space Protection Program efforts and was the Study Director for the STSS Follow-on Study for the Missile Defense Agency in which he led a team across eight national laboratories. In addition, he managed the Autonomous Real-time Ground Ubiquitous Surveillance (ARGUS) program for Overhead Persistent Infrared (OPIR)/Missile Defense, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency/U.S. government Microsatellite Demonstration Science and Technology Experiment Program (MiDSTEP) for small satellite technology development, and the joint Naval Research Laboratory/APL team executing the Office of the Secretary of Defense/Operational Responsive Space Bus Standards Program for TacSat-4, which successfully launched in fall 2011.

Dr. Stadter’s technical focus includes systems engineering, navigation and communication systems, distributed systems analysis and control, data fusion, and information theory. He has more than 40 publications and two patents, has held a review panel appointment to the National Academy of Sciences National Research Council, and is an active member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board.

Dr. Stadter earned his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Pennsylvania State University, his M.S. in electrical engineering from The Johns Hopkins University, and his bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering from the University of Notre Dame.

Dr. Stephen S. Carr
Program Area Manager, Atmospheric and Space Environmental Programs
National Security Space
Space Exploration Sector

Dr. Steve Carr is a senior leader in APL’s Space Exploration Sector (SES). He has extensive technical, leadership, management, and business development experience in the areas of command, control, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance; autonomy; near-space; space situational awareness; space control; space physics; solar–terrestrial interactions; atmospheric physics; and environmental effects on operations for business units as large as $100M per year.

Dr. Carr has authored or coauthored more than 34 technical papers, which have been in various publications, including Geophysical Research Letters, and the Library of Congress.

Dr. Carr received a Ph.D. in atmospheric and space physics from the University of Michigan in 1992 and is an Air War College graduate (1999). He retired from the Air Force in 2001 and has been at APL since.

Edward D. Russell
Los Angeles Office Lead
National Security Space
Space Exploration Sector

Ed Russell became the Los Angeles Office Lead for the National Security Space Mission Area in May 2013. He manages and provides technical direction of Air Force Space Command’s Space and Missile Systems Center programs in APL’s portfolio. He is also responsible for implementing solutions to critical national security challenges by defining and developing innovative solutions for national security challenges. Ed has a broad view of programs across the community and identifies prior work for leveraging, thus helping to contain cost and schedule risks for sponsor programs.

Prior to his current appointment, Ed led a variety of programs in the areas of communication systems, electronic warfare, mission planning systems, cyber, intelligence, ground systems, and space payloads. He has served as technical director, chief engineer, and site manager of field operations outside the contiguous United States.

Ed earned a Bachelor of Science in electrical engineering from Virginia Tech, a Master of Business Administration from Chapman University, and a Certificate in systems engineering from The Johns Hopkins University.